Hello everyone, it’s Jennifer Valencia here with the 3rd article on photography! The first session was on The Rule Of Thirds and the second session covered Fill The Frame. Today I’ll focus on leading lines, framing and using patterns.
Leading Lines: Strong lines in a photograph can pull your eye around the image and make it more visually appealing. Leading lines can be horizontal, vertical, diagonal, or curved. The S-curve is a particularly powerful line; when used well in a photograph it acts almost like a magnet to your eye, guiding it around and through the photo. Leading lines are used well if they guide your eye to the primary subject or from the subject to the background. Next time you compose a photograph, look around the location for strong interesting lines that you can include in your photograph — see if you like the way it looks!
Framing: Using part of the scenery to provide a natural frame for your main subject can help the subject really stand out. It can also make the photo look more three-dimensional and lively; for example, if you have some tree fronds hanging down in front of a landscape you get the appearance of both near and far, and it give the illusion of depth within the photo. If a landscape photo looks too “flat” — when everything is the same distance away — it might fail to evoke the majesty of the real thing. By adding something close-up to the photo in addition to the far-off things, a photographer can regain that feeling of depth, and make the photograph more appealing. Framing does not have to mean that you always center a person in the middle of a door frame or window frame, or that you ALWAYS have tree branches hanging in front of a landscape. You can use all kinds of things as “frames” — swingsets, slinkies, a wreath, hands – in addition to frames and doorways.
Patterns: Close-up patterns are fun to photograph because they can show textures or shapes that otherwise might go unnoticed in a pull-back shot. When taking a picture of a pattern, it’s often a good idea to use a small aperture (large f number) such as f/8 or higher. If you have a very shallow depth of field, where some parts of the pattern are in focus and others are not, it detracts from the “patterny” look of the whole picture and makes the part in focus stand out more than the rest.
Next time you’re out with your camera, look for places you can use leading lines or framing as a way to add visual interest to your photo, and keep an eye out for interesting patterns. Please share your work, too. Link us up to a picture you’ve taken that uses framing, leading lines, or shows a cool pattern. Thanks for reading, and happy shooting!